We use medications to add more brakes to the nervous system. Some medications are very specific and tend to target overly active neurons (the problem neurons). These medications naturally have less side effects as they tend to leave “normal” neurons alone. Other medications (typically the older ones) tend to be more broad spectrum, acting on all neurons to some degree, even the ones that are not a problem. They tend to cause more side effects, such as sedation or behavior changes. Fortunately, dogs and cats tolerate most medications very well and most side effects are short lived and mild.

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Anti-seizure Drugs Not Used in Dogs and Cats

  • Inappropriate Pharmacokinetics
  • Adverse Effects and Toxicity
  • Lack of Effect
  • Lack of Perceived Benefit
  • Lack of Safety Data

Anti-seizure Drugs Under Development 

  • Imepitoin
  • Brivaracetam
  • Ganoxolone
  • Perampanel
  • Tonabersat
  • Fluorofelbamate
  • 2-Deoxy-D-glucose
  • Retigabine/Ezogabine
  • Losigamone